CSF firewall commonly known as Configserver Security and Firewall has become one of the popular firewall not just because of its easy of use it also provides a cpanel interface and can be easily installed and tuned by any novice users. If you are running cpanel without firewall then CSF firewall is very much recommended, considering the security aspects of your server.
You can visit the CSF firewall website for more information. You can also download necessary files there.
Let us prepare a linux based server running with cpanel. Note that CSF firewall requires to remove any currently running IP based firewall (APF or other IP tables firewall). It comes with all necessary scripts that will remove APF or IP tables firewall.
1. Download the package here
2. Untar it
tar -zxf csf.tar.gz
3. Run the Install script.
Thats it! wait until the script ends!
4. Remove APF or IPTables Firewall
If you have any existing IP tables firewall remove them using uninstall scripts located at /etc/csf. In this case i was running APF firewall and BFD in my server so i have to remove it.
5. Start the Firewall in Testing Mode
Start the firewall with the following command.
// start the firewall
// restart the firewall
// flush the rules or stop the firewall.
If you are running a VPS plan, then you might get the error like this
"iptables LKM ip_tables missing so this firewall cannot function
unless you enable MONOLITHIC_KERNEL in /etc/csf/csf.conf
Error: aborted, at line 156"
Open the /etc/csf/csf.conf and look for a line MONOLITHIC_KERNEL = "0" and change to MONOLITHIC_KERNEL = "1"
Thats all! Now restart the firewall.
7. Specify which ports you want to allow.
It is very important to check the firewall on which ports to open and close all remaining port numbers. Open the /etc/csf/csf.conf and edit the following line with port numbers
# Allow incoming TCP ports
TCP_IN = "20,21,22,25,53,80,110,143,443,465,953,993,995,2077,2078,2082,2083,2087"
# Allow outgoing TCP ports
TCP_OUT = "20,21,22,25,37,43,53,80,110,113,443,587,873,953,2087,2089,2703"
# Allow incoming UDP ports
UDP_IN = "20,21,53,953"
# Allow outgoing UDP ports
# To allow outgoing traceroute add 33434:33523 to this list
UDP_OUT = "20,21,53,113,123,873,953,6277"
21 => FTP
22 => SSH
23 => Telnet
25 => SMTP Mail Transfer
43 => WHOIS service
53 => name server (DNS)
80 => HTTP (Web server)
110 => POP protocol (for email)
443 => HTTP Secure (SSL for https:// )
995 => POP over SSL/TLS
9999 => Urchin
3306 = > MysQL Server
2082 => CPANEL Default
2083 => CPANEL - Secure/SSL
2086 => CPANEL WHM
2087 => CPANEL WHM - Secure/SSL
2095 => cpanel webmail
2096 => cpanel webmail - secure/SSL
Plesk Control Panel => 8443
DirectAdmin Control Panel => 2222
Webmin Control Panel => 10000
For more information about commonly used port numbers refer to this article
6. Disable the Testing Mode and Start the Firewall
Remember by default the firewall is running in testing mode. You might want to disable the firewall running in testing mode.
//Look for the first line and set testing mode to "0"
TESTING = "0"
//Now restart the firewall!
If you have successfully installed the CSF firewall, then you will find this CSF Security & Firewall option within cpanel WHM at the bottom of the menu. Just click on the link and you can also edit the firewall settings inside Cpanel, which is very easy to do.
/etc/csf/csf.conf CSF Firewall configuration file
/etc/csf/csf.allow => Config file to allow IPs
/etc/csf/csf.deny => Config file to deny IPs
/etc/csf/ => Alert files with TXT extension are stored within this directory
1. Check the status of firewall inside cpanel
2. Harden the firewall security by performing the system security check. To do this go to Cpanel WHM > CSF Firewall & Security > Check System Security. There it will list WARNINGS based on your server.
Just login to Cpanel WHM > Config Security & Firewall > Status: Running
Another good idea is to check and see which ports have been opened and closed by firewall.
To look for open ports, just use the following commands in linux and observe which ports are open.
nmap fuser localhost
Just run the uninstall script located at /etc/csf/ directory
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