Linux + Apache + MySQL + PHP/Perl together commonly known as LAMP Server.
To setup a LAMP server on a fresh VPS/Dedicated server running Centos 5.0 with atleast 256mb of RAM. We will also be installing Webmin, a free server control panel for linux. If you are using a debian/ubuntu refer to this article.
Apache is a the most popular Web HTTP server for a Linux servers.
yum install httpd httpd-devel
We might need httpd-devel libraries, to compile and install other modules from the source, just to be on the safer side. /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf - Apache configuration file location
MySQL is widely used open source database server on most linux servers and can very well integrated to PHP and Apache server in Centos/RHEL
yum install mysql mysql-server mysql-devel
If you attempt to type mysql in command prompt, you will be getting this nasty error
ERROR 2002 (HY000): Can’t connect to local MySQL server through socket ‘/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock’
This is because you are not running mysqld daemon before launching the mysql client. The file /var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock will be automatically creating upon running the first instance of mysql.
First start the mysql daemon, then type mysql
> /etc/init.d/mysqld start
By default the root password is empty for mysql database. It is a good idea to change mysql root password to a new one from security point of view.
mysql> USE mysql;
mysql> UPDATE user SET Password=PASSWORD('newpassword') WHERE user='root';
mysql> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
once done, check by logging in
> mysql -u root -p
Enter Password: <your new password>
To create a new mysql user 'guest' with 'all previleges' on database 'demo'
mysql > create database demo
mysql >GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON demo.* TO 'guest'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'guest' WITH GRANT OPTION;
mysql> USE mysql;
mysql> UPDATE user SET Password=PASSWORD('guest') WHERE user='guest';
Thats it! MySQL is ready! Dont forget to remember the root password as we might be using it with phpmyadmin
Installing PHP5 with necessary modules is so easy and can be configured for both apache and mysql environment.
yum install php php-mysql php-common php-gd php-mbstring php-mcrypt php-devel php-xml
Dont forget to install php-gd (gd library) is very important if we plan to run captcha scripts in our server and so as other which are dependent on mysql and other functions.
Restart the apache to load php.
Create a file named /var/www/html/test.php with the following phpinfo() function inside php quotes.
Then point your browser to http://ip.address/test.php
Thats it! you should see a php configuration file displaying all kind of paths and installed modules.
Closely observe the installed configuration in your server..
* PHP Paths (php.ini path)
* Apache paths and Loaded Modules (mod_security, mod_evasive if installed_
* PHP GD Library
* MySQL paths and other information
phpMyAdmin is a free web based MySQL database Administration Tool. Without phpMyAdmin it is almost impossible to mysql db operations in the command line. phpMyAdmin has become so convenient and it is absolutely sought by most webmasters to be present along with mysql server.
yum install phpmyadmin
Point your browser to: http://ip.address/phpmyadmin
You might encounter the following errors while configuring phpmyadmin.
Edit the /etc/httpd/conf.d/phpmyadmin.conf and uncomment the line deny from all
# Deny from all
Allow from 127.0.0.1
look for a line and enter any password. just dont leave it empty!
$cfg['blowfish_secret'] = 'mydemopass'; /* YOU MUST FILL IN THIS FOR COOKIE AUTH! */
It worked for me using the above methods!
Login the phpmyadmin with mysql root password we changed while installing the mysql database.
Webmin a free server hosting control panel for linux servers. It is a web based hosting administration tool and can be handy to tweak settings in your server if you are beginner to linux! You can download webmin here. Since webmin cannot be installed using yum, we can download a RPM package and install in our server.
wget <webmin rpm path>
rpm - i webmin-1.410-1.noarch.rpm
That should be a pretty easy installation! Remember webmin uses port 10000 and should not be blocked by firewall.
Point your browser to: http://ip.address:10000
You should see a webmin login. But we dont know the login and password yet! To setup webmin password run the script below...
> /usr/libexec/webmin/changepass.pl /etc/webmin admin <newpasswd>
login with admin username and new webmin password!
To uninstall webmin, just run /etc/webmin/uninstall.sh
We want the apache and mysql to be loaded every boot so we switch them on using chkconfig
> chkconfig httpd on
> chkconfig mysqld on
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