Quick 'n' Easy LAMP Server for Centos/RHEL

Linux + Apache + MySQL + PHP/Perl together commonly known as LAMP Server.


To setup a LAMP server on a fresh VPS/Dedicated server running Centos 5.0 with atleast 256mb of RAM. We will also be installing Webmin, a free server control panel for linux. If you are using a debian/ubuntu refer to this article.

Install Apache

Apache is a the most popular Web HTTP server for a Linux servers.

yum install httpd httpd-devel

We might need httpd-devel libraries, to compile and install other modules from the source, just to be on the safer side. /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf - Apache configuration file location

/etc/init.d/httpd start

Install MySQL Database Server

MySQL is widely used open source database server on most linux servers and can very well integrated to PHP and Apache server in Centos/RHEL

yum install mysql mysql-server mysql-devel

If you attempt to type mysql in command prompt, you will be getting this nasty error

ERROR 2002 (HY000): Can’t connect to local MySQL server through socket ‘/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock’

This is because you are not running mysqld daemon before launching the mysql client. The file /var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock will be automatically creating upon running the first instance of mysql.

To fix:

First start the mysql daemon, then type mysql

> /etc/init.d/mysqld start
> mysql

Changing MySQL Root Password

By default the root password is empty for mysql database. It is a good idea to change mysql root password to a new one from security point of view.

mysql> USE mysql;
mysql> UPDATE user SET Password=PASSWORD('newpassword') WHERE user='root';

once done, check by logging in

> mysql -u root -p
Enter Password: <your new password>

To Create New MySQL User

To create a new mysql user 'guest' with 'all previleges' on database 'demo'

mysql > create database demo
mysql >GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON demo.* TO 'guest'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'guest' WITH GRANT OPTION;
mysql> USE mysql;
mysql> UPDATE user SET Password=PASSWORD('guest') WHERE user='guest';

Thats it! MySQL is ready! Dont forget to remember the root password as we might be using it with phpmyadmin

Install PHP5 Scripting Language

Installing PHP5 with necessary modules is so easy and can be configured for both apache and mysql environment.

yum install php php-mysql php-common php-gd php-mbstring php-mcrypt php-devel php-xml

Dont forget to install php-gd (gd library) is very important if we plan to run captcha scripts in our server and so as other which are dependent on mysql and other functions.

Restart the apache to load php.

/etc/init.d/httpd restart

To test PHP Working or not:

Create a file named /var/www/html/test.php with the following phpinfo() function inside php quotes.

// test.php

Then point your browser to http://ip.address/test.php

Thats it! you should see a php configuration file displaying all kind of paths and installed modules.

Closely observe the installed configuration in your server..

* PHP Paths (php.ini path)
* Apache paths and Loaded Modules (mod_security, mod_evasive if installed_
* PHP GD Library
* MySQL paths and other information

Install phpMyAdmin

phpMyAdmin is a free web based MySQL database Administration Tool. Without phpMyAdmin it is almost impossible to mysql db operations in the command line. phpMyAdmin has become so convenient and it is absolutely sought by most webmasters to be present along with mysql server.

yum install phpmyadmin

Point your browser to: http://ip.address/phpmyadmin

Common Errors

You might encounter the following errors while configuring phpmyadmin.

You don't have permission to access /phpmyadmin/ on this server.

To fix:

Edit the /etc/httpd/conf.d/phpmyadmin.conf and uncomment the line deny from all

nano /etc/httpd/conf.d/phpmyadmin.conf

<Directory "/usr/share/phpmyadmin">
Order Deny,Allow
# Deny from all
Allow from

The configuration file now needs a secret passphrase (blowfish_secret)

To fix:

nano /usr/share/phpmyadmin/conf.inc.php

look for a line and enter any password. just dont leave it empty!

$cfg['blowfish_secret'] = 'mydemopass'; /* YOU MUST FILL IN THIS FOR COOKIE AUTH! */

It worked for me using the above methods!
Login the phpmyadmin with mysql root password we changed while installing the mysql database.

Install Webmin

Webmin a free server hosting control panel for linux servers. It is a web based hosting administration tool and can be handy to tweak settings in your server if you are beginner to linux! You can download webmin here. Since webmin cannot be installed using yum, we can download a RPM package and install in our server.

wget <webmin rpm path>
rpm - i webmin-1.410-1.noarch.rpm

That should be a pretty easy installation! Remember webmin uses port 10000 and should not be blocked by firewall.

Point your browser to: http://ip.address:10000

You should see a webmin login. But we dont know the login and password yet! To setup webmin password run the script below...

> /usr/libexec/webmin/changepass.pl /etc/webmin admin <newpasswd>

login with admin username and new webmin password!
To uninstall webmin, just run /etc/webmin/uninstall.sh

Final Steps

We want the apache and mysql to be loaded every boot so we switch them on using chkconfig

> chkconfig httpd on
> chkconfig mysqld on

You can also place comments in my blog. I would appreciate any feedbacks as well!

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